OLD FAMILY RED NOSE – OFRN 15/04/2020

Essa imagem nos faz voltar mais de 100 anos na história da raça American Pit Bull Terrier. Um memorial de “Jim Corcoran”, um imigrante Irlandês, que depois de suas lutas de boxer, se naturalizou em Boston, Massachusetts, Estados Unidos. As imigrações provenientes da Europa, em especial Irlanda e Inglaterra tiveram muita força em 1845 na conhecida “fome da batata”, antes mesmo da “Guerra Civil Americana”, e isso tem grande influência na formação dos cães de combate americano.

Nos anos 60, um termo foi usado por Dan McCoy, um cozinheiro, bem articulado e com acesso a muitos quintais, teve para si um projeto de resgatar cães da “Antiga Família Lightner’s”, junto a isso, foi atribuído a ele o batismo do termo OFRN (Old Family Red Nose). Ele não estava sozinho nesse projeto, como diz o texto:

“Always with his ear to the ground regarding anything that involved APBT’s, McCoy got wind of the fact that an old Frenchman in Louisiana by the name of Bourgeous had preserved the old Lightner red-nosed strain. So he and Bob Hemphill went to that area, and with the aid of Gaboon Trahan of Lafayette, they secured what was left of the dogs. McCoy took his share to the Panhandle of Texas and placed them with his associates L. C. Owens, Arthur Harvey and Buck Moon. He then played a principal role in directing the breedings that were made by these fanciers. And from this enclave came such celebrated dogs as Harvey’s Red Devil and Owens (Ferguson’s) Centipede. Hemphill eventually kept only dogs of the red-nosed strain. According to Hemphill, it was McCoy who first started using the term “Old Family Red Nose” for the strain.”

Diante dessa informações, queria fazer algumas considerações para os nossos dias, influenciado por “Bob Wallace” quando ele diz que muitos em seus dias achavam que esses cães tinham uma “magia”, que eram diferentes, e parece que os anos se passaram, mas os mitos e as desinformações continuam. Então vamos lá.

Se estudarmos a base dessa família “Irish Dogs”, vamos perceber que na sua base, ao chegar nos EUA, eles já receberam influência dos combatentes ingleses, sem mencionar as famílias americanas. A base de trabalho do Corcoran’s e Feeley’s (citando as duas principais), todas sofrem influência de seleções inglesas e americanas. O primeiro “MITO” começa a ser desmentido, pois não existe e nunca existiu cães 100% OFRN, exceto os de importação direta. Não houve nenhuma criação nos EUA que conseguiu manter essa cepa preservada.

Quando estudamos os cães “Lightner’s”, “Hemphill’s”, “Wallace” e “McCoy” (os principais a receberem a influência dos “Irish Dog”), percebemos a influência de cães com branco, alguns com muito branco, mesmo sabendo que a sua maioria são cães vermelhos. Quem conhece esses cães na prática, e estudou genética de cores, sabe que não podemos atribuir uma cor para definir uma família genética, principalmente os APBT’s que tem influência de todas (exceto o merle e albinismo), não podemos descartar a influência “OFRN” de um cão porque ele tem muito branco ou é black nose. Conheço animais “black nose” com muita influência de “Irish Dog”.

Sabemos quanto o “Ch Ferguson’s Centipede” foi um cão diferenciado (1933 – 1942), imbatível em sua época, tido por todos como “The Great One”. As seleções baseadas nesse animal continuou pelos anos, uma preservação com influência de outros trabalhos, alguns campeões surgiram, mas não se tornaram unanimidades, a história mostra que os “Dog Mens” por trás desses sangues se preocuparam mais com a preservação genética do que a funcional. Sei que homens cães como Bob Hemphill e Bob Wallace queriam fazer bons acasalamentos, preservar boa genética, mas baseado em cães vitoriosos, basta estudar os refrescamentos e inserções genéticas feita por ambos, a busca por animais superiores sempre foi o objetivo desses “Old Dog Men”.

A verdade histórica em torno dos Old Family Red Nose (OFRN) deve ser compreendida de forma cronológica, para que “mitos”, “inverdades”, “preconceitos” ou qualquer tipo de ignorância venha dificultar o grande objetivo que é fazer da preservação dessa família produzir verdadeiros APBT´s.

 

This image takes us back more than 100 years in the history of the American Pit Bull Terrier breed. A memorial to “Jim Corcoran”, an Irish immigrant, who after his boxer fights, became a natural in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. Immigration from Europe, especially Ireland and England, was very strong in 1845 in the well-known “potato famine”, even before the “American Civil War”, and this has a great influence on the formation of American fighting dogs.

In the 1960s, a term was used by Dan McCoy, a well-articulated cook with access to many backyards, he had a project to rescue dogs from the “Old Lightner’s Family”, along with this, he was given the baptism of OFRN (Old Family Red Nose). He was not alone in this project, as the text says:

“Always with his ear to the ground regarding anything that involved APBT’s, McCoy got wind of the fact that an old Frenchman in Louisiana by the name of Bourgeous had preserved the old Lightner red-nosed strain. So he and Bob Hemphill went to that area, and with the aid of Gaboon Trahan of Lafayette, they secured what was left of the dogs. McCoy took his share to the Panhandle of Texas and placed them with his associates L. C. Owens, Arthur Harvey and Buck Moon. He then played a principal role in directing the breedings that were made by these fanciers. And from this enclave came such celebrated dogs as Harvey’s Red Devil and Owens (Ferguson’s) Centipede. Hemphill eventually kept only dogs of the red-nosed strain. According to Hemphill, it was McCoy who first started using the term “Old Family Red Nose” for the strain.”

Given this information, I wanted to make some considerations for our day, influenced by “Bob Wallace” when he says that many in his day thought that these dogs had a “magic”, that they were different, and it seems that the years have passed, but myths and misinformation continue. So come on.

If we study the base of this “Irish Dogs” family, we will realize that in their base, when they arrived in the USA, they already received influence from English fighters, not to mention American families. The base of work of Corcoran’s and Feeley’s (to mention the two main ones), all are influenced by English and American teams. The first “MYTH” begins to be denied, since there is and never was a dog that is 100% OFRN, except for those of direct import. There was no breeding in the USA that managed to keep this strain preserved.

When we studied the “Lightner’s”, “Hemphill’s”, “Wallace” and “McCoy” dogs (the main ones receiving the influence of the “Irish Dog”), we noticed the influence of dogs with white, some with a lot of white, even knowing that the most are red dogs. Anyone who knows these dogs in practice, and has studied color genetics, knows that we cannot assign a color to define a genetic family, especially the APBT’s that have influence from all (except merle and albinism), we cannot discard the “OFRN” influence of a dog because it has a lot of white or is black nose. I know “black nose” animals with a lot of “Irish Dog” influence.

We know how “Ch Ferguson’s Centipede” was a differentiated dog (1933 – 1942), unbeatable in its time, considered by everyone as “The Great One”. The selections based on this animal continued through the years, a preservation influenced by other works, some champions emerged, but they did not become unanimous, history shows that the “Dog Mens” behind these bloods were more concerned with genetic preservation than the functional. I know that male dogs like Bob Hemphill and Bob Wallace wanted to make good mating, preserve good genetics, but based on victorious dogs, just study the refreshments and genetic insertions made by both, the search for superior animals has always been the objective of these “Old Dog Men ”.

The historical truth surrounding the Old Family Red Nose (OFRN) must be understood chronologically, so that “myths”, “untruths”, “prejudices” or any type of ignorance will hinder the great objective that is to make the preservation of this family produce true APBT’s.